1) Discontinue all solid foods and dairy
products for 1-2 days.
2) Take only clear liquids to put the
gut at rest. Sweet liquids like fruit juices, flat soft
drinks, Jello, and Gatorade supply sugar for energy;
take at least three 12 ounce servings daily. Salty
liquids like broth and bouillon supply electrolytes that
prevent dehydration; take at least three 8 ounce
servings daily. Infants may be given Pedialyte. Small
amounts taken frequently will lessen chances of
3) After symptoms have abated for 24
hours, gradually advance your diet towards normal as
tolerated. While advancing avoid alcohol, spicy or fatty
foods, caffeine, and tobacco. Dairy products taken
within one week of the resolution of your diarrhea may
result in recurrent diarrhea.
4) Avoid anti-diarrheal medications
unless prescribed by your doctor. If used
inappropriately, anti-diarrhea medication may worsen the
condition or slow recovery.
5) In children, limiting intake to one
ounce per hour early in the course of the illness may
diminish the frequency of vomiting. If no vomiting
occurs, intake may be increased to one ounce every
one-half hour and then more as tolerated.
6) In adults, anti-nausea medication may
be prescribed. Do not exceed the recommended dosage.
Generally these medications are not used in
7) If lethargy, dry mouth, very dark
urine, low or decreasing urine output, weakness, high
fever, behavioral changes, or greater than 10% of body
weight loss occurs, severe dehydration may be present
which requires a prompt visit to the office or emergency