COMMONLY USED BP MEDICATIONS

 

Trade Name

Generic Name

Dosage

Mechanism of Action

Relatively Common Adverse Effects

Beta-

adrenergic antagonists

Tenormin

Atenolol

25-100 mg

Cardioselective beta blocker

CHF, ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia, hypotension, heart block, atrial fibrillation, bradycardia

Betoptic

Betaxolol

5-40 mg

Zebeta

Ziac

Bisoprolol

2.5-20 mg

Cardioselective beta blocker

CHF, hypotension, heart block, atrial fibrillation, bradycardia, headache, fatigue, dizziness

Toprol

Metoprolol

50-450 mg

Cardioselective beta blocker

CHF, ventricular tachycardia, supraventricular tachycardia, hypotension, heart block, atrial fibrillation, bradycardia

Corgard

Naldolol

20-240 mg

Nonselective

Beta blocker

CHF, arrhythmia, hypotension, heart block, bradycardia, fatigue, dizziness, depression, bronchospasm

Inderal

Propranolol

40-240 mg

Nonselective

Beta blocker

CHF, arrhythmia, hypotension, heart block, bradycardia, fatigue, dizziness, depression, bronchospasm

Blocadren

Timolol

20-60 mg

Nonselective

Beta blocker

CHF, arrhythmia, hypotension, heart block, bradycardia, fatigue, dizziness, depression, bronchospasm

Levatol

Penbutolol

20-80 mg

ISA Beta blocker

Normodyne

Trandate

Labetalol

200-1200 mg

Alpha- and beta-

antagonist

CHF, arrhythmia, hypotension, heart block, bradycardia, fatigue, dizziness, depression, bronchospasm

Coreg

Carvedilol

12.5-50 mg

Alpha- and beta-

antagonist

CHF, arrhythmia, hypotension, heart block, bradycardia, fatigue, dizziness, depression, bronchospasm

Calcium Channel

Antagonist

Lotrel

Norvasc

Amlodipine

2.5-10 mg

DHP Ca channel

blocker

Headache, edema, arrhythmia, heart block, palpitations, dizziness, fatigue, nausea

Cardizem

Tiazac

Diltiazem

90-360 mg

Ca channel

blocker

Headache, edema, arrhythmia, heart block, palpitations, dizziness, fatigue, nausea

Plendil

Felodipine

2.5-10 mg

DHP Ca channel

blocker

Headache, edema, arrhythmia, heart block, palpitations, dizziness, fatigue, nausea

DynaCirc

Isradipine

2.5-10 mg

DHP Ca channel

blocker

Headache, edema, arrhythmia, heart block, palpitations, dizziness, fatigue, nausea

Cardene

Nicardipine

60-120 mg

DHP Ca channel

blocker

Headache, edema, arrhythmia, heart block, palpitations, dizziness, fatigue, nausea

Adalat

Procardia

Nifedipine

30-120 mg

DHP Ca channel

blocker

Headache, edema, arrhythmia, heart block, palpitations, dizziness, fatigue, nausea

Sular

Nisoldipine

20-40 mg

DHP Ca channel

blocker

Headache, edema, arrhythmia, heart block, palpitations, dizziness, fatigue, nausea

Covera, Isoptin

Verelan

Verapamil

80-480 mg

Ca channel

blocker

Headache, edema, arrhythmia, heart block, palpitations, dizziness, fatigue, nausea

Angiotensin-converting en-zyme Inhibitors

Lotensin

Benazepril

10-40 mg

ACE inhibitor

Hypotension, cough, dizziness, Lupus-like reaction, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain

Capoten

Captopril

50-450 mg

ACE inhibitor

Hypotension, cough, dizziness, Lupus-like reaction, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain

Vasotec

Enalapril

2.5-40 mg

ACE inhibitor

Hypotension, cough, dizziness, Lupus-like reaction, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain

Monopril

Fosinopril

10-40 mg

ACE inhibitor

Hypotension, cough, dizziness, Lupus-like reaction, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain

Prinivil

Lisinopril

5-40 mg

ACE inhibitor

Hypotension, cough, dizziness, Lupus-like reaction, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain

Univasc

Moexipril

7.5-30 mg

ACE inhibitor

Hypotension, cough, dizziness, Lupus-like reaction, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain

Accupril

Quinapril

5-80 mg

ACE inhibitor

Hypotension, cough, dizziness, Lupus-like reaction, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain

Altace

Ramipril

1.25-20 mg

ACE inhibitor

Hypotension, cough, dizziness, Lupus-like reaction, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain

Mavik

Tarka

Trandolapril

1-4 mg

ACE inhibitor

Hypotension, cough, dizziness, Lupus-like reaction, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain

Angiotensin Receptor blockers

Atacand

Candesartan

8-32 mg

Angiotensin receptor blocker

Cough, elevated potassium levels, dizziness, hypotension, headache, drowsiness, diarrhea, metallic or salty taste, and rash

Tevetan

Eprosartan

400-800 mg

Angiotensin receptor blocker

Cough, elevated potassium levels, dizziness, hypotension, headache, drowsiness, diarrhea, metallic or salty taste, and rash

Avapro

Irbesartan

75-300 mg

Angiotensin receptor blocker

Cough, elevated potassium levels, dizziness, hypotension, headache, drowsiness, diarrhea, metallic or salty taste, and rash

Cozaar

Losartan

25-100 mg

Angiotensin receptor blocker

Cough, elevated potassium levels, dizziness, hypotension, headache, drowsiness, diarrhea, metallic or salty taste, and rash

Benicar

Olmesartan

20-40 mg/d

Angiotensin receptor blocker

Cough, elevated potassium levels, dizziness, hypotension, headache, drowsiness, diarrhea, metallic or salty taste, and rash

Micardis

Telmisartan

20-80 mg

Angiotensin receptor blocker

Cough, elevated potassium levels, dizziness, hypotension, headache, drowsiness, diarrhea, metallic or salty taste, and rash

Diovan

Valsartan

80-320 mg

Angiotensin receptor blocker

Cough, elevated potassium levels, dizziness, hypotension, headache, drowsiness, diarrhea, metallic or salty taste, and rash

Diuretics

Diuril

Chlorothiazide

125-1000 mg

Thaizide diuretic

Hypotension, nausea, weakness, rash, hypokalemia, jaundice, anemia, headache

Clorpres

Chlorthalidone

12.5-50 mg

Thaizide diuretic

Hypotension, nausea, weakness, rash, hypokalemia, jaundice, anemia, headache

HydroDiuril

Hydrochlor-othiazide

12.5-50 mg

Thaizide diuretic

Hypotension, nausea, weakness, rash, hypokalemia, jaundice, anemia, headache

Lozol

Indapamide

2.5-5 mg

Thaizide diuretic

Hypotension, nausea, weakness, rash, hypokalemia, jaundice, anemia, headache

Zaroxolyn

Metolazone

1.25-5 mg

Thaizide diuretic

Hypotension, nausea, weakness, rash, hypokalemia, jaundice, anemia, headache

Bumex

Bumetanide

0.5-5 mg

Loop diuretic

Hypotension, nausea, vomiting, weakness, dizziness, hypokalemia, headache

Edecrin

Ethacrynic acid

25-100 mg

Loop diuretic

Hypotension, nausea, vomiting, weakness, dizziness, hypokalemia, headache

Lasix

Furosemide

20-320 mg

Loop diuretic

Hypotension, nausea, vomiting, weakness, dizziness, hypokalemia, headache

Demadex

Torsemide

5-10 mg

Loop diuretic

Hypotension, nausea, vomiting, weakness, dizziness, hypokalemia, headache

Midamor

Moduretic

Amiloride

5-10 mg

Potassium-sparing diuretic

Headache, nausea, elevated potassium, diarrhea, vomiting, dizziness, fatigue

Aldactone

Spironolactone

25-100 mg

Potassium-sparing diuretic

Headache, nausea, elevated potassium, diarrhea, vomiting, dizziness, fatigue

Dyrenium

Triamterine

50-200 mg

Potassium-sparing diuretic

Headache, nausea, elevated potassium, diarrhea, vomiting, dizziness, fatigue

Alpha-adrenergic

Antagonist

Cardura

Doxazosin

1-16 mg

Alpha-adrenergic

Antagonist

Fatigue, dizziness, hypotension, edema, dyspnea

Minipress

Prazosin

1-20 mg

Alpha-adrenergic

Antagonist

Fatigue, dizziness, hypotension, edema, dyspnea

Hytrin

Terazosin

1-20 mg

Alpha-adrenergic

Antagonist

Fatigue, dizziness, hypotension, edema, dyspnea

Centrally acting

Adrenergic agents

Catpres

Clonidine

0.1-1.2 mg

Alpha receptor

stimulation

Heart failure, arrhythmias, hypotension, fatigue, drowsiness, dry mouth, dizziness

Guanfacine

1-3 mg

Alpha receptor

stimulation

Heart failure, arrhythmias, hypotension, fatigue, drowsiness, dry mouth, dizziness

Wytensin

Guanabenz

4-64 mg

Alpha receptor

stimulation

Heart failure, arrhythmias, hypotension, fatigue, drowsiness, dry mouth, dizziness

Aldomet

Methyldopa

250-2000 mg

Alpha receptor

stimulation

Heart failure, hypotension, fatigue, drowsiness, lupus-like reaction, dizziness

Direct-acting

Vasodilators

Apresoline

Hydralazine

50-300 mg

Vasodilator

Flushing, headache, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, diarrhea, congestion

Loniten

Minoxidil

2.5-100 mg

Vasodilator

Hair growth, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, breast

Miscellaneous

Reserpine

0.01-0.25 mg

Vasodilator

Dizziness, nausea, anorexia, congestion, headache, dry mouth, impotence

 


Revised 2/08

 

ŠTed A. Tobey, M.D., Inc. ~ All Rights Reserved